HIPAA or Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act was first introduced by Congress in 1996 in U.S. The main purpose for which this act was brought to help workers carry forward insurance and healthcare rights between jobs and it was further expanded to protect patient’s data and health record.
It has set various standards to protect individual’s personal data and health record from getting leaked, hacked or misuse. Since then this act has been expanded into an act of legislation that also governs health insurance fraud and tax provisions for medical savings accounts.
The prime purpose of bringing this act was concern of privacy and security of patient health information.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act was first introduced by the Congress with aim to improve the efficiency in healthcare and it also asked healthcare organizations to reduce the paperwork burden. According to standards set by HIPAA healthcare organizations should secure the patient data from any kind of healthcare fraud and data leaks. As the data is saved in many online portals, this act asked healthcare organizations to protect, secure and keep data of the patient private and confidential.
HIPAA created several codes and standards which made it easy for the healthcare organizations, health insurers, and their business associates to use the same codes for electronic transactions. This helped them to exchange the data very easily and efficiently. It made things easy and process fast which saved time, effort and also resulted in substantial cost savings.
With this Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, it is now easier for all the U.S citizens to obtain copies of their health data to check their health records for errors and they can share all their information with whomsoever they want. It also restricts organizations to share the health information of the patient with the third party.
What is the Purpose of HIPAA?
The purpose of Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act is to boost the efficiency in the healthcare sector. With the HIPAA compliance, health record and personal information of the patient is kept safe, secure and confidential. Any organization that does not meet the HIPAA compliance or fail to comply can be fines heavily by the department of health and human service office for civil right.
Five Main Components of HIPAA
- HIPAA Privacy Rule
The Privacy Rule sets limits regarding the use of patient information.
- Breach Notification Rule
Any organization that does not meet the HIPAA compliance Simpliﬁed or fail to comply can be fines heavily by the department of health and human service office for civil right.
- HIPAA Security Rule
The Security Rule sets the minimum standards to safeguard ePHI.
- Omnibus Rule
- Enforcement Rule
This rule lays out how any resulting investigations are carried out