The Privacy Rule is an important part of HIPAA that helps healthcare organizations protects data. Before we start explaining about the privacy rule and how you can follow it, here is some general information about the HIPAA:
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) was introduced by 1996 in U.S by Congress. This act was brought to:
- Improve the efficiency, continuity and fasten the process of healthcare coverage.
- Lower the risk of any fraud and abuse in health insurance and healthcare delivery.
- Simplify the tax deduction for employers and other tax revenue items.
- Promote the use of medical savings account.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) has five title/parts which are as follow:
Title 1: HIPAA makes it possible to maintain coverage when your employment changes and you’re on a group plan.
Title 2: HIPAA prevents healthcare fraud and abuse.
Title 3: It introduces new tax rules for healthcare treatments.
Title 4: Additional reforms of insurance law, with protections for those with pre-existing conditions.
Title 5: Revenue offsets.
What is the HIPAA Privacy Rule?
HIPAA privacy rule set codes and standards to protect an individual’s personal information and health care records. It concerns the uses and disclosures of PHI. HIPAA gives an individual the power to access and know how his or her health information is used
The HIPAA Privacy Rule is described in the following locations in the CFR:
- Part 160 – General Administrative Requirements
- Part 164 – Security and Privacy
- Subpart A – General Provisions (164.102 – 164.106)
- Subpart E – Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information (164.500 – 164.534)
HIPAA enforcement rule aims to protect the individual’s health record and personal information. Furthermore, it gives access to the information which is needed to provide high-quality healthcare for the patients and to protect the public.
The HIPAA Privacy Rule:
- HIPAA simplify and supports individual’s rights in regards to their healthcare data and personal information.
- It spells out administrative responsibilities.
- It sets boundaries on the use and release of health records.
- HIPAA ask healthcare organizations to provide proper security to the patient’s healthcare information and keep it confidential.
- Examines the need for and implementation of privacy policies and procedures
- Explains about the limits release of the information and disclosure of patient data.
- HIPAA holds violators accountable who fail to comply with HIPAA and can put heavy penalties on them if they violate patients’ privacy rights
- Applies to all forms of individuals’ protected health information, whether electronic, written, or oral