HIPAA stands for Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act and was brought to provide protection to the individual’s health care data from getting leak, breach, and misuse.
The other purpose of this act was to improve the efficiency of the health care organizations and to help consumers maintain their insurance coverage. Another purpose of this act was to ensure that employees would continue to receive health insurance coverage when they were between jobs. To make HIPAA compliance understand better, five main components of HIPAA were introduced into it.
Five main components of HIPAA are:-
HIPAA privacy rule was introduced to regulate the use and disclosure of protected health information (PHI) by health care organizations. This rule also gives the right to an individual to access their protected health information (PHI) and covered entities have to disclose it with them without any conditions. The privacy rule also states that patients or individual has the right to examine their health reports and can ask for correction of their PHI at any time.
Under privacy rule, it is mandatory for covered entities to notify individuals of PHI use, keep track of disclosures, and document privacy policies and procedures.
Transactions and Code Sets Rule
HIPAA also serves the purpose to improve the efficiency of the health care field. Keeping this thing in mind transactions and code sets rule was created to simplify healthcare transactions by requiring health plans to standardize health care transactions.
Security rules in HIPAA set codes for the security and confidentiality of PHI (protected health information). This rule also complements the Privacy Rule. Since privacy rule pertains to all PHI, this rule is limited to ePHI. It lays out 3 types of security safeguards: administrative, physical, and technical. Security rule also sets a guideline for protecting data with attention to how PHI is stored, accessed, and transmitted to maximize protection.
Unique Identifiers Rule (National Provider Identifier, NPI)
Under this rule, it is stated that covered entities must only use the National Provider Identifier (NPI) to identify covered healthcare providers in standard transactions. The use of these identifiers will promote standardization, efficiency, and consistency.
This rule directly stems from compliance, investigations, hearings, and penalties for violations on those organizations that do not comply with HIPAA. It establishes procedures for investigations and hearings for HIPAA violations.
Above we have stated all the important components of HIPAA compliance and every health care organization must comply with them.